In From GSTR – 9C, what is “Adjustments in turnover due to foreign exchange fluctuations” and in which cases do i need to fill it?
It has to be filled by all taxpayers who have outward supplies in foreign currency and where they issue a tax invoice as well as a commercial invoice. It can be in case of exporters or supplies to SEZ’s where they issue a tax invoice with payment of duty i.e as per the GST at the time of removal of goods and for the foreign customer, a commercial invoice is issued on a subsequent date. The different dates can some time result in different exchange rates being used. This could cause a difference reported in the financial statements and in the GST Returns, for this reason, it has to be mentioned in the Form GSTR – 9C.
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As per Section 16 of the IGST Act, Zero Rated supplies means the supply of goods or services or both to SEZ Units or SEZ Developers or Exports.
As per Final GST Returns, in Table 6 of GSTR – 1, data for exports / deemed exports and supplies to SEZ should be shown in this table. The columns related to CGST & SGST rates and amount, tax paid on the provisional basis, HSN Code and identification of line as the supply of goods or services have been dropped. Grouping of the data is to be done on the basis of exports / deemed exports or SEZ supplies in the new returns unlike the previous formats of exports with payment of GST and without payment of GST.
Taxpayers will apply for the refund of GST for any of the following reasons Excess balance in Cash ledger, Exports of goods or services, Supply of goods or services to SEZ/EOU, Assessment or provisional assessment or Appeal or Order No and for ITC accumulated due to inverted duty structure.
Summary details for the differences between the Annual Return and as per the Published Financial Statements for the outward supplies for Tax Liabilities on Interstate supplies, Intrastate Supplies, Exports, Sales returns, and Supplies liable for Reverse Charge along with remarks in Annex 3 of GSTR – 9B.
In GSTR -9B, the taxpayer has to give the differences between the outward supplies furnished in the GSTR – 9 and the audited financial statements for Inter-State supplies, Intra-state supplies, exports on which GST is not paid, and sales return in Income Sheet. In the income sheet details of other incomes on which GST is not applicable with reference to ledger accounts.
Exports out of India and deemed exports have to be reported in Table 10 of GSTR – 1 along with the Shipping Bill or Bill of Export under the categories of exports with payment of duties and without payment of duties.