360° analysis of Circular No. 123/42/2019 – GST

Restrictions on Input Tax Credit is notified on 9th Oct 2019 wide Notification No 49/Central Tax, dated 9th Oct 2019. There is a lot of confusion and the process of availing the restricted input tax credit by the trade and industry and along with the professional. Keeping in view of all these, CBIC has issued Circular No. 123/42/2019– GST dated 11th Nov 2019. Though the circular clarifies most of the points, there are still a couple of points on which clarity is required.

Points clarified in the Circular No. 123/42/2019– GST are

  1. Restrictions on 20% input tax credit is applicable for availing input tax credit after 9th Oct 2019, thereby meaning it is applicable for the filing of the return for Sep 2019 also.
  2. Restriction of 20% is applicable only for the invoices, debit notes and credit notes reflected in GSTR – 2A
  3. Restriction of 20% is not applicable on the IGST paid on imports, ISD transfer, etc., which are not part of the GSTR – 2A
  4. Restriction is not applicable supplier wise but on the total eligible credit. Ineligible credits have to be deducted from the available credit from GSTR – 2A
  5. If the total amount of restricted credit of 20% is more than the eligible credit, then it is restricted to the eligible amount only.
  6. The taxpayer can take the differential amount of input tax credit where the suppliers have filed the returns in the subsequent tax periods

Points which require clarification are

  1. The amount of restricted credit claimed during the month is for which tax? Is it to be considered separately for CGST, SGST, and IGST or the sum of all the taxes?
  2. What would be the treatment if the taxpayer has claimed for IGST only, and the suppliers have filed returns on which CGST +SGST is available?
  3. Ineligible credit in case of the same supplies used for the taxable and exempted supplies will be known at a later period, in such a case who to determine the eligible credit?

As per the author’s interpretation, it is based on each tax and not the total input tax credit available in GSTR – 2A as the said notification is issued concerning CGST Rules. The third point definitely needs some clarification based on the wording used in the circular “The credit available under sub-rule (4) of rule 36 is linked to total eligible credit from all suppliers against all supplies whose details have been uploaded by the suppliers. Further, the calculation would be based on only those invoices which are otherwise eligible for ITC. Accordingly, those invoices on which ITC is not available under any of the provision (say under sub-section (5) of section 17) would not be considered for calculating 20 per cent. of the eligible credit available.”

The taxpayers have to do a cost-benefit analysis after considering all the scenarios, the amount of additional investment involved for claiming the restricted input tax credit as it involves changes in the accounting systems and keeping track of the same. Even if the taxpayers decide not to go for the availing restricted 20% credit, still they have to change the accounting practice for availing input tax credit. Embracing technology will help the taxpayers to overcome the challenges of maintaining the reconciliations manually and also keeping track of it from time to time and update it. The changes in accounting required for availing the 20% restricted input tax credit, the details of the changes in the accounting can be referred here

Whatever the decision the taxpayers have to take, they have to take it at the earliest as the clock is ticking, and the due date for filing of GSTR – 3B for Oct 2019 is approaching fast.

Disclaimer

Any views or opinions represented above are personal and belong solely to the author and do not represent those of people, institutions or organizations that the author may or may not be associated with in professional or personal capacity, unless explicitly stated. Any views or opinions are not intended to malign any religion, ethnic group, club, organization, company, or individual.

Extension of Due Dates for filing of FORM GSTR-1 and FORM GSTR-3B in certain cases

It has been observed that the number of taxpayers who have filed FORM GSTR-3B is substantially higher than the number of taxpayers who have furnished FORM GSTR-1. Non-furnishing of FORM GSTR-1 is liable to late fee and penalty as per the provisions of the GST law. In order to encourage taxpayers to furnish FORM GSTR-1, a one-time scheme to waive off late fee payable for delayed furnishing of FORM GSTR-1 for the period from July, 2017 to September, 2018 till 31.10.2018 has been launched.

In this regard, the due date for furnishing FORM GSTR-1 for the period from July, 2017 to September, 2018 has been extended till 31st October, 2018 for all registered persons having aggregate turnover above Rs 1.5 crores including the registered persons in Kerala, or whose principal place of business is in Kodagu (Karnataka) and Mahe (Puducherry). For taxpayers having aggregate turnover up to Rs 1.5 crores, the due date for furnishing FORM GSTR-1 for the quarters from July, 2017 to September, 2018 has been extended till 31st October, 2018. Notification Nos. 43 and 44/2018 – Central Tax dated 10th September, 2018 have been issued in this regard. For registered persons having aggregate turnover up to Rs 1.5 crores in Kerala, or whose principal place of business is in Kodagu (Karnataka) and Mahe (Puducherry), the due date for furnishing FORM GSTR-1 for the quarter July, 2018 to September, 2018 would continue to remain as 15th November, 2018 as notified vide notification No. 38/2018-Central Tax dated 24th August, 2018.

Further, for those taxpayers who will now be migrating to GST as per the procedure specified in notification No. 31/2018-Central Tax, dated 06.08.2018, the last date for furnishing the details of outward supplies of goods or services or both in FORM GSTR-1 and for filing the return in FORM GSTR-3B for the months of July, 2017 to November, 2018 has been extended till 31.12.2018. Notification Nos. 45, 46 and 47/2018 – Central Tax dated 10th September, 2018 have thus been issued for extension of dates for filing FORM GSTR-3B.

It is hereby clarified that as per the provisions of section 16 (4) of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017, the registered person shall not be entitled to take input tax credit in respect of any invoice after the due date of furnishing of the return for the month of September following the end of financial year to which such invoice pertains; or furnishing of the relevant annual return, whichever is earlier. The taxpayers are thus, advised to furnish their returns on time to ensure that input tax credit does not become time barred.

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43/2018-Central Tax ,dt. 10-09-2018

44/2018-Central Tax ,dt. 10-09-2018

45/2018-Central Tax ,dt. 10-09-2018

46/2018-Central Tax ,dt. 10-09-2018

47/2018-Central Tax ,dt. 10-09-2018

48/2018-Central Tax ,dt. 10-09-2018

 

 

Error! Summary for Filing is not Generated or is not available at this time. Please try again later

Many of them are getting the “Error! Summary for Filing is not Generated or is not available at this time. Please try again later” while filing the GSTR – 1.  The error may be caused due to the database refresh issue.

This error can be removed by trying the following ways

  1. Go back to the return dashboard and then try to file the return again.
  2. Logout and log in once
  3. Try filing after some time

I have tried the first two options and it was working.

GST Tip – 401

As per Notification No 58/2017 – Central Tax, a taxpayer whose turnover is above Rs 150 Lacs during the previous financial year or likely to be in the current financial year has to file GSTR – 1 for the months July 217 to Oct 2017 by 31st Dec 2017, for the  month of Nov 2017 by 10th Jan 2018, for the month of Dec 2017 by 10th of Feb 2018, for the month of Jan 2018 by Mar 2018, for the month of Feb 2018 by 10th April 2018 and for the month of March 2018 by 10th of May 2018.

GST Tip – 400

As per Notification No 57/2017 – Central Tax ,  any taxable person who has a turnover of Rs 150 Lacs in the last financial year or this year can file GSTR – 1on quarterly basis. The return for the period July 2017 to Sep 2017 has to be filed by 31st Dec 2017, for the period Oct 2017 to Dec 2017 by 15th Feb 2018 and for the period Jan 2018 to March 2018 by 30th April 2018. For this to be effective sub-section (2) of section 38 and sub-section (1) of section 39 of the CGST Act has to be amended accordingly.

GST Tip – 381

The claim of input tax credit shall be considered as matched where the amount of input tax credit claimed in GSTR – 2 of the recipient is equal to or less than the output tax on such tax invoice or debit note in the GSTR -1 of the Supplier.

GST Tip – 380

In GSTR – 3 if there is a difference between the tax amounts filed in GSTR – 3B and with GSTR – 1 and GSTR – 2, the same can be adjusted in Part – B of GSTR – 3. If the tax liability is more, then the same has to be paid/discharged in case of excess credit, the same will be updated in the electronic credit ledger.